Bancos Centrales

Existen diversas instituciones financieras que dictan la moneda del Estado, sus reservas financieras y tasas de interés: bancos de reserva, autoridades monetarias y bancos centrales. Por lo general, los bancos centrales tienen la responsabilidad de supervisar los sistemas bancarios comerciales nacionales. Los bancos centrales tienen la autoridad exclusiva en relación con el incremento de la base monetaria del país, dictaminan cuánta moneda imprimirá el Departamento del Tesoro. Esta autoridad es exclusiva y no se extiende a bancos comerciales. Dos bancos centrales muy conocidos son el Banco Central Europeo y la Reserva Federal de Estados Unidos. La responsabilidad principal de un banco central es controlar las reservas financieras de un país (política monetaria), al fijar activamente tasas de interés y requerimientos de reserva, así como apoyar a los bancos durante las crisis financieras. Ellos también son responsables de evitar que un banco vaya a la quiebra, así como limitar acciones riesgosas como fraudes por bancos comerciales y otras instituciones financieras similares. A los bancos centrales en los países más desarrollados financieramente se les permite actuar de una manera completamente autónoma, sin condicionamientos políticos.

País Nombre del Banco
Afghanistan: Bank of Afghanistan
Albania: Bank of Albania
Algeria: Bank of Algeria
Argentina: Central Bank of Argentina
Armenia: Central Bank of Armenia
Aruba: Central Bank of Aruba
Australia: Reserve Bank of Australia
Austria: Austrian National Bank
Azerbaijan: National Bank of Azerbaijan>
País Nombre del Banco
Bahamas: Central Bank of The Bahamas
Bahrain: Central Bank of Bahrain
Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bank
Barbados: Central Bank of Barbados
Belarus: National Bank of the Republic of Belarus
Belgium: National Bank of Belgium
Belize: Central Bank of Belize
Benin: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Bermuda: National Bank of Azerbaijan>
Bhutan: Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan>
Bolivia: Central Bank of Bolivia>
Bosnia: Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovinaaijan>
Botswana: Bank of Botswana>
Brazil: Central Bank of Brazil>
Bulgaria: Bulgarian National Bank>
Burkina Faso: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)>
Burundi: Bank of the Republic of Burundi>
País Nombre del Banco
Cambodia: National Bank of Cambodia
Cameroon: Bank of Central African States
Canada: Bank of Canada - Banque du Canada
Cayman Islands: Central Bank of Barbados
Central African Republic: Bank of Central African States
Chad: Bank of Central African States
Chile: Central Bank of Chile
China: The People's Bank of China
Colombia: Bank of the Republic>
Comoros: Central Bank of Comoros>
Congo: Bank of Central African States>
Costa Rica: Central Bank of Costa Rica>
Côte d'Ivoire: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)>
Croatia: Croatian National Bank>
Cuba: Central Bank of Cuba>
Cyprus: Central Bank of Cyprus>
Czech Republic: Czech National Bank>
País Nombre del Banco
Denmark: National Bank of Denmark
Dominican Republic: Central Bank of the Dominican Republic
País Nombre del Banco
East Caribbean area: Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Ecuador: Central Bank of Ecuador
Egypt: Central Bank of Egypt
El Salvador: Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea: Bank of Central African States
Estonia: Bank of Estonia
Ethiopia: National Bank of Ethiopia
European Union: European Central Bank
País Nombre del Banco
Fiji: Reserve Bank of Fiji
Finland: Bank of Finland
France: Bank of France
País Nombre del Banco
Gabon: Bank of Central African States
The Gambia: Central Bank of The Gambia
Georgia: National Bank of Georgia
Germany: Deutsche Bundesbank
Ghana: Bank of Ghana
Greece: Bank of Greece
Guatemala: Bank of Guatemala
Guinea Bissau: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Guyana: Bank of Guyana
País Nombre del Banco
Haiti: Central Bank of Haiti
Honduras: Central Bank of Honduras
Hong Kong: Hong Kong Monetary Authority
Hungary: Magyar Nemzeti Bank
País Nombre del Banco
Iceland: Central Bank of Iceland
India: Reserve Bank of India
Indonesia: Bank Indonesia
Iran: The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iraq: Central Bank of Iraq
Ireland: Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland
Israel: Bank of Israel
Italy: Bank of Italy
País Nombre del Banco
Jamaica: Bank of Jamaica
Japan: Bank of Japan
Jordan: Central Bank of Jordan
País Nombre del Banco
Kazakhstan: National Bank of Kazakhstan
Kenya: Central Bank of Kenya
Korea: Bank of Korea
Kuwait: Central Bank of Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan: National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic
País Nombre del Banco
Latvia: Bank of Latvia
Lebanon: Central Bank of Lebanon
Lesotho: Central Bank of Lesotho
Libya: Central Bank of Libya
Lithuania: Bank of Lithuania
Luxembourg: Central Bank of Luxembourg

País Nombre del Banco
Macao: Monetary Authority of Macao
Macedonia: National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
Madagascar: Central Bank of Madagascar
Malawi: Reserve Bank of Malawi
Malaysia: Central Bank of Malaysia
Mali: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Malta: Central Bank of Malta
Mauritius: Bank of Mauritius
Mexico: Bank of Mexico
Moldova: National Bank of Moldova
Mongolia: Bank of Mongolia
Morocco: Bank of Morocco
Mozambique: Bank of Mozambique
País Nombre del Banco
Namibia: Bank of Namibia
Nepal: Central Bank of Nepal
Netherlands: Netherlands Bank
Netherlands Antilles: Bank of the Netherlands Antilles
New Zealand: Reserve Bank of New Zealand
Nicaragua: Central Bank of Nicaragua
Niger: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Nigeria: Central Bank of Nigeria
Norway: Central Bank of Norway
País Nombre del Banco
Oman: Central Bank of Oman
País Nombre del Banco
Pakistan: State Bank of Pakistan
Papua New Guinea: Bank of Papua New Guinea
Paraguay: Central Bank of Paraguay
Peru: Central Reserve Bank of Peru
Philippines: Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
Poland: National Bank of Poland
Portugal: Bank of Portugal
País Nombre del Banco
Qatar: Qatar Central Bank
País Nombre del Banco
Romania: National Bank of Romania
Russia: Central Bank of Russia
Rwanda: National Bank of Rwanda
País Nombre del Banco
San Marino: Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino
Samoa: Central Bank of Samao
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency
Senegal: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Serbia: National bank of Serbia
Seychelles: Central Bank of Seychelles
Sierra Leone: Bank of Sierra Leone
Singapore: Monetary Authority of Singapore
Slovakia: National Bank of Slovakia
Slovenia: Bank of Slovenia
Solomon Islands: Central Bank of Solomon Islands
South Africa: South African Reserve Bank
Spain: Bank of Spain
Sri Lanka: Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Sudan: Bank of Sudan
Surinam: Central Bank of Surinam
Swaziland: The Central Bank of Swaziland
Sweden: Sveriges Riksbank
Switzerland: Swiss National Bank
País Nombre del Banco
Tajikistan: National Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan
Tanzania: Bank of Tanzania
Thailand: Bank of Thailand
Togo: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Tonga: National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago: Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia: Central Bank of Tunisia
Turkey: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
País Nombre del Banco
Uganda: Bank of Uganda
Ukraine: National Bank of Ukraine
United Arab Emirates: Central Bank of United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom: Bank of England
United States:: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Washington);Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Uruguay: Central Bank of Uruguay
País Nombre del Banco
Vanuatu: Reserve Bank of Vanuatu
Venezuela: Central Bank of Venezuela
País Nombre del Banco
Yemen: Central Bank of Yemen
País Nombre del Banco
Zambia: Bank of Zambia
Zimbabwe: Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe